What Are The Normal Human Blood Glucose Levels?

Do you know that with everything you eat, even that smallest candy contributes to the amount of sugar or glucose that you have in your blood stream? Glucose is the same as sugar and for younger people or those who are healthy; they have nothing to worry about. However, there are those who should be careful with what they eat. Sometimes, they even have to take maintenance medicine in order to regulate their blood sugar and keep it within the normal human blood glucose level. That is because having high or low blood sugar will give a person negative health reactions.

People usually think that sugar is present in sweets and are high in products such as ice cream, pastries and cakes. While that is true, sugar is not only present in them. Even carbohydrates and starch are sugar and that is why even though a person does not eat a lot of sweets but loves rice, his blood sugar can still be high. At a normal level, sugar fuels a person and gives him energy to do as many things as possible. However, if it is not within the normal range, that could lead to a wide array of problems. That is why people who are diabetic taking insulin which is the hormone that has the capacity to convert glucose into glucagon. What it does is to change the sugar to fat.

So what is considered as normal for human blood glucose level? Well, that would be between 70 and 150 mg / dL (which mean milligrams per deciliter). Do not be surprised if your blood sugar is the lowest in the morning when you take the test first thing after you wake up and highest right after a meal. Remember, sugar is easily absorbed into the human bloodstream so an hour or two after eating, your blood glucose level tends to rise. That is also the reason why people tend to feel sleepy after a meal. Too much sugar can render a person sluggish and sleepy. Too little of it will leave a person weak.

So what happens if a person’s blood glucose is not within the normal level? Well, it really depends. The most common problem is known as diabetes but this is actually the result of hyperglycemia. While diabetes is not lethal, its complications are. High blood glucose levels can and will also damages the eyes, the kidneys and even the nerves. That is why it is a must not to take it for granted and work on it right away. Some signs and symptoms are lethargy, losing ones consciousness or even problems with mental functioning.

It takes a lot of discipline in order to keep your sugar within the normal level. It means having to eat the right food, a balanced diet and exercise. However, it is always best to first consult your doctor for anything beforehand.

8 Common Mistakes That Affect The Accuracy Of Blood Glucose Test Reading

Most blood glucose testing meters sold in the market are precise and accurate since they have been heavily tested and checked by the experts in labs before approval for sale. In most circumstances, the accuracy of test reading are affected by mistakes made by consumers or users whom are doing the test. Here are 8 common mistakes that we have observed.

1. Contaminated meter or testing strip

Meters that have not been properly cleaned and contaminated with old blood may cause false high or low readings. Testing strips that have been used should be thrown away after each use. In addition, storage of strips should be secured at all times with the cap tightened.

2. Meter or testing strip not within the normal room temperature

Meters or testing strips that are exposed to either too high or too low room temperature will cause false reading. Be reminded that you should always keep all your blood testing equipments in a dry and normal environment. Avoid them from the reach of your children if possible.

3. Expired or used testing strip

Strips that have been outdated or used in previous test should be kept away whenever a new test is to be performed as they may affect the result too.

4. Uncalibrated meters

You should calibrate your meter for it to have a correct code matching the test strips you are going to use. Always remember to perform your calibration before any test to ensure reading accuracy. As some meters calibrate automatically, you may like to put this into consideration when choosing your blood glucose meter.

5. Too little or large drop of blood

Too small a drop of patient blood for testing may also give a false low reading. Patients should remain calm and relaxed at all times. In addition, there should not be an over-squeezed amount of blood too.

6. Strip not fully inserted (may sound silly but it really happens)

One most common mistake is that the testing strip is not fully inserted into the meter while performing test. Most people are usually not aware or ignorant about this. Learn more about how to correctly perform a blood glucose test using a meter.

7. Low in battery

When low in battery, the performance of the meter may be affected and thus resulted in unreliable results. In worse case, it may cause the inability to power on the device or sudden failure of the device due to dead batteries.

8. Patients with anemia or dehydration symptoms

Test conducted on patients with anemia or dehydration symptoms may face false high reading problem too.

Always bear these 8 factors or mistakes in mind before performing any glucose test at home as an undesirable false reading may be in worse case, cost a human life.